Baluchistan is the southeasternmost region of Iran, along the country’s border with Pakistan, and belongs to the province of Sistan va Baluchistan.
The native language of the region, Baluchi, related to ancient Persian (Avestan), is spoken in western, southern, and eastern parts of the region. As in the rest of Iran, Persian is also useful.
Zahedan has a domestic airport which is served frequently from major airports inside Iran.
The new train station connects Zahedan with the Teheran – Bam line. The trip from Teheran takes about 25 hours overnight and departs Teheran railway station at 11:20. As the train station is not situated in the city centre you may need a taxi, to get towards Azadi square.
Zahedan is connected by bus with all bigger surrounding cities like Bam, Kerman, Zabol and Mashhad (only twice a day). Alternatively Mashhad can be reached via Zabol, where you can catch one of the more frequent running buses to Mashhad.
Savaris connect Zahedan with Bam, Zabol and cities deeper south in Baluchistan, like Khash and Iranshahr. The huge advantage of going by Savari or even “dar basteh” (lit.: closed door; private car) is that you can tell the driver easily to drop you off or stop anywhere for taking photos. Recommended for Shahr-e Sukhteh on the Zahedan – Zabol road about 55km before Zabol.
I do not recommend taking the bus into deep Baluchistan unless you speak Farsi or the local dialect well. Your presence will raise interest and gain attention. Also you might find yourself in a situation where your local contacts can’t be reached as there is rarely network service with Irancell and other providers. This of course does not count for the Zahedan – Zabol road, which is well maintained and about to be upgraded and the connection to Mirjaveh at the Pakistani
By far the best way deep into Baluchistan is by car. Either private or hired with driver. Hired in Zahedan he will most likely speak or at least understand the local dialects. Also he might be able to tell you when a situation or location turns dangerous. Still, you might need to argue a lot about your intended stops. Checkpoints are not as common as written in the guidebooks, still there are a few. Focus of military or police officers at checkpoints may reach from your documents to your luggage, as the region is known for drug trafficking. Just remain calm, follow the officers orders and do not overreact or act nervous. Most officers I’ve met knew enough English to make it easy to understand their demands. Roads in general are not better or worse than anywhere else in Iran. A private taxi for a ~800km trip through southern Baluchistan finishing in Bam which took the entire day cost in end of Feb. 2015 around 3500000 Rials, albeit our driver got very unhappy as he realised he could have asked for more.
Arg-e Bampur, (northwest of Bampur town)
Gahl’eh Naseri, Iranshahr.
Shahr-e Sukhteh, (55km south of Zabol).
Taftan volcano, (northwest of Khash, visible from N95).
There is a connection to Quetta from Zahedan airport.
A train running twice a month connects Zahedan with Quetta in Pakistan. Get a visa before entering Zahedan as it is unlikely you’ll be able to get one at the local Pakistani consulate.
Regular buses connect Zahedan with Mirjaveh, where you can cross the Pakistani border towards Taftan. Keep in mind there is a 1,5 hours time difference between Iran and Pakistan