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Shah Abdol Azim shrine (Ray)

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Shah Abdol Azim shrine (Ray)

To the southeast of Tehran, just beyond that city’s vast urban sprawl, lies the ancient city of Rey and its pilgrimage shrine of Shah-e’ Abdal-Azim. Archaeological evidence indicates the city was important during the Achaemenian (559-330 BC) and Sassanian (224-637 AD) periods. Rey was occupied by the Muslims in 635 AD, was the regional capital in the 11th and 12th centuries, and was later plundered by rampaging Mongols in the 13th century. Within the large shrine complex are buried the religious scholar Shah Abdul Azim (786-865 AD), a descendant of Imam Hussein; Hamzeh, a brother of Imam Reza; Hussain, the great-grandson of the second Imam Hassan, and Taher, a descendant of the fourth Imam

Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine
The Shah Abdol Azim Shrine (Persian: شاه عبدالعظیم‎), located in Rey, Iran, contains the tomb of: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm ibn ‘Abdillah al-Hasanī (aka. Shah Abdol Azim). Shah Abdol Azim was a fifth generation descendant of Hasan ibn ‘Alī and a companion of Muhammad al-Taqī. He was entombed here after his death in the 9th century.Adjacent to the shrine, within the complex, include the mausolea of Imamzadeh Tahir (son of the fourth shia Imam Sajjad), and Imamzadeh Hamzeh (brother of the eighth Twelver Imām – Imam Reza).Abdol Azim migrated to Rayy out of persecution and subsequently died there. A piece of paper was found in his pocket outlining his ancestry as being: ‘Abdul ‘Adhīm son of ‘Abdillāh son of ‘Alī son of Husayn son of Zayd son of Hasan ibn ‘Alī. Shah Abdol Azim was sent to Rayy ( Modern day Tehran) by Imam Reza. His journey was full of hardships but he successfully reached there and delivered the message of Imam. He was one of the pious persons of his time. During his journey many spies of Abbasid Caliph Al-Matawakkil tried to capture him but failed. A movie on the life of Shah Abdol Azim Al-Hasani has been made and is available in Persian and Urdu languages.

History and design
The whole construction consists of a portal with a lofty Iwan decorated with mirrors, several courtyards, a golden cupola, two tile minarets, a portico, a sepulcher, and a mosque.The most historical and portable relic of this holy place, is its costly box which is made of betel-nut wood. On four sides of this precious box, a relief inscription in Nastaliq and Tulth characters, is carved. The inscription ends with the date 1330 CE, and the name of the maker of the box, i.e., Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Isfahani.An inlaid door near the mausoleum of Nasser al-Din Shah, (This place used to be called Masjid-i-Holaku, prior to its being turned into a tomb) which bears the date 1450 CE, i.e., the period of Shah-rokh Bahadur Timurid`s reign, constitutes another historical relic of this structure.Two antique iron doors which are engraved with Kufic inscriptions are to be found in the treasure-house of the (Astaneh), which seem to be the oldest remains of this structure and to belong to the Seljukid period. But, at present, these two doors and the concluding part of their inscriptions bear the date 1538. Further, there is an inlaid door which had formerly been installed in the northern part of the ivan of Imamzadeh Hamzeh.This door has an inscription in Tulth calligraphy, dated 1512. The cupola of this structure has been built upon the order of Majd al-Mulk radestani Qomi, and later on has been plated with gold. The ivan, portico and portal of the building date from the reign of Shah Tahmasp I (Safavid king). The gold-threaded silk belonging to the Safavid period. The silver-plated sepulcher has been made and installed by the order of Fath Ali Shah Qajar. The mirror-work, paintings and gildings of the structure belong to the 19th century. Reparations are still being carried out in this complex of holy structures. Adjoining this holy tomb, there are some other tombs belonging to the Qajar monarchs, and the Ulamahs (religious scholars) and other personalities.

Notable Burials
Royalties
• Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar (1831-1896) – Shahanshah of Persia (1848-96)
• Malek-Mansour Mirza Sho’a’ os-Saltaneh (1880-1920) – Qajar prince and brother of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
• Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944) – head of Persian Cossack Brigade (1920-21), prime minister (1923-24) and Shahanshah of Iran (1925-41)
• Alireza Pahlavi (1922-1954) – Pahlavi prince and son of Reza Shah

Political Figures
• Sattar Khan (1866-1914) – a leader of Persian Constitutional Revolution
• Sayyed Mohammad Tabatabai (1842-1920) – a leader of Persian Constitutional Revolution
• Mohammad Khiabani (1880-1920) – politician
• Firouz Mirza Nostrat od-Dowleh (1889-1938) – minister of foreign affairs
• Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma (1859-1939) – Qajar prince and politician
• Mostafa Adl (1882-1950) – politician
• Haj Ali Razmara (1901-1951) – prime minister (1950-51)
• Ali Soheili (1896-1958) – prime minister (1942) and (1943-44)
• Abol-Ghasem Kashani (1882-1962) – cleric and speaker of Iranian National Consultative Assembly
• Fazlollah Zahedi (1897-1963) – Imperial Iranian Army general and prime minister (1953-54)
• Hassan-Ali Mansur (1923-1965) – prime minister (1964-65)
• Ahmad Nakhjavan (1893-1966) – commander in chief of Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) (1925-36)
• Seyed Zia’eddin Tabataei (1888-1969) – journalist and prime minister (1921)
• Ahmad Matin-Daftari (1896-1971) – prime minister (1939-40)
• Mohammad Amir Khatam (1920-1975) – commander in chief of IIAF (1958-75)
• Ali Asghar Hekmat (1892-1980) – scholar and politician

Scholars
• Qaani Shirazi (1808-1854) – poet
• Nour-Ali Shah II (1867-1919) – leader of Nematullahi Gonabadi sufi order
• Raf’at Semnani (1882-1931) – poet
• Gholamhossein Rahnama (1870-1946) – scholar
• Mohammad Qazvini (1877-1949) – scholar
• Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani (1896-1955) – scholar
• Abdol-Azim Gharib (1879-1965) – scholar
• Badiozzaman Forouzanfar (1904-1970) – scholar
• Nasrollah Falsafi (1901-1981) – scholar

Shrine of Bibi Shahrbanu, near Rey
The Shrine of Bibi Shahrbanu (Lady of the Land), situated in the hills overlooking Rey, is said to house the remains of the daughter of the last Sassanian king, Yazdigrid III. According to an unfounded tradition she married the Imam Hussain, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.

Holy Places in Iran – Holy Places in the World – Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine –

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